Thousands of children labor 12 to 14-hour days on Lake Volta in Ghana to catch, process, and sell fish. Most of them are trafficked either through abduction, coercion, trickery, or unwittingly sold by their own family. Most of these victims are boys but girls labor there as well. Some are as young as 5 years old. They suffer mental abuse, beatings, and dangerous work that sometimes results in drowning.
Poverty and disease are common causes in Ghana that contribute to children becoming orphans. Their hope beyond an orphanage is that one of their kin will adopt them. Foster care is in the early stages. Orphanages remain full or orphans are left on the streets to fend for themselves. The desire for families in Ghana to adopt remains low. The process is not clearly defined and an indifferent attitude toward orphans presents a challenge.